Air Force Report: Linebacker II

Air Force Report: Linebacker II


In Memory of Lt. Col. Charles McManus

In Memory of Lt. Col. Charles McManus


"Bombers 'R' Us" 1999


Boneyard

Boneyard


8th Air Force 75th Anniversary

8th Air Force 75th Anniversary


The B-52 Stratofortress: End of an Era

The B-52 Stratofortress: End of an Era


Andersen Air Force Base history

 

In a tent on Pati Point in 1944, four men of the 854th Airfield Construction Battalion stood at a draftsman's table drawing lines on a blueprint that would become runways, taxiways and parking aprons for World War II B-29 operations. North Field's first runway became operational Feb. 3, 1945. The first combat mission from North Field took place Feb. 25.

After World War II, the Army Air Forces in the Pacific closed many airfields, leaving the 19th Bomb Group at North Field as the only bombardment unit of the Far East Air Forces.

In the fall of 1946, construction began for permanent structures. When the Air Force became a separate service in 1947, North Field became North Guam Air Force Base. The installation was renamed Andersen AFB on Oct. 7, 1949, in honor of Brig. Gen. James R. Andersen, who was presumed lost at sea in the crash of his B-24 Liberator, Feb. 26, 1945, on a flight from Kwajalein to Hawaii.

During the Korean War, Andersen served in an administrative and logistical capacity, operating ammunition dumps and providing maintenance to transient aircraft. Following the war, Andersen began supporting bomber and aerial refueling units on rotational deployments from the United States. During this time, Andersen was home to the B-36, B-47, B-50, B-52, B-29, KC-97 and KC-135.

Andersen's role in Vietnam is legendary, starting on June 18, 1965, when 27 B-52 bombers were launched from its runway. These flights began Operation Arc Light, bombing missions against Viet Cong base operations, troop concentrations and supply lines. In early 1972, 153 B-52s lined the airfield in a surge of Arc Light missions titled Bullet Shot. It took five miles of ramp space to park them and an expert to ensure their orderly movement since a blocked taxiway could prove a mission-crippling impasse.

Later that year Operation Linebacker II got underway when, on December 18, 1972, 87 B-52s were launched from Andersen in one hour and 43 minutes. Throughout the 11-day operation, Andersen-based B-52s flew 379 of the 729 sorties. Often called the "11-day war," Linebacker II led to the renewal of the Paris Peace Talks and, on January 28, 1973, the signing of a cease-fire agreement with the government of North Vietnam.

Two years after U.S. military involvement in the Vietnam War ended Andersen participated in Operation New Life, becoming home to thousands of Vietnamese refugees until officials could process them into the United States. In the end, 109,553 refugees departed Andersen for the United States aboard 518 aircraft.

The post-Vietnam period brought a return to routine operations at Andersen, with B-52s on the ramp throughout the 1980s and the base remaining a vital overseas platform for carrying out the USAF's mission of global deterrence.

In support of the Gulf War in 1991, Andersen aided in transporting and deploying 200 aircraft, 2,200 troops and 2,212 tons of cargo. In addition, Andersen munitions specialists shipped more than 75 million pounds of bombs to the Gulf.

During Operation Fiery Vigil in June 1991, more than 21,000 people and their pets evacuated from Clark Air Base in the Philippines, came through Andersen following the eruption of Mount Pinatubo.
The Air Force inactivated 633rd Air Base Wing Oct. 1, 1994, and activated the 36th Air Base Wing, in keeping with the Air Force chief of staff's policy of keeping the most highly decorated and longest serving Air Force units on active duty. The Air Force had inactivated the 36th Fighter Wing at Bitburg Air Base, Germany, Oct. 1, 1994.

In October 1994, the U.S. Navy Helicopter Combat Support Squadron Five relocated to Andersen from the now closed Naval Air Station, Guam.

Today, with its huge fuel and munitions storage facilities and dual runways, Andersen is an important forward-based logistics support center for contingency forces deploying throughout the southwest Pacific and Indian oceans. Andersen's ideal flying conditions, relatively unlimited airspace and nearby air-to-ground range make this an ideal training area for the U.S. military and militaries of nearby countries.

Printable Fact Sheet

 

 

News Comments Updated
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A B-52 Stratofortress, B-1 Lancer and B-2 Spirit sit beside one another on the flightline at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam, Aug.10, 2016. This marks the first time in history that all three of Air Force Global Strike Command's strategic bomber aircraft are simultaneously conducting operations in the U.S. Pacific Command area of operations. The B-1 Lancer, which arrived at Andersen Aug. 6, will replace the B-52 in support of the U.S. Strategic Command Continuous Bomber Presence mission. The CBP bomber swap between the B-1 and B-52 is occurring throughout the month of August as the B-1s return to support this mission for the first time since April 2006. In addition to the CBP bomber swap, three B-2s arrived in theater to conduct a Bomber Assurance and Deterrence deployment. The CBP mission and BAAD deployments are part of a long-standing history of maintaining a consistent bomber presence in the Indo-Asia-Pacific in order to maintain regional stability, and provide assurance to our allies and partners in the region. (U.S. Air Force photo by Tech. Sgt. Richard Ebensberger) All global strike bombers deploy to Andersen, maintain stability in PACOM theater
Air Force Global Strike Command's three strategic bombers, the B-52 Stratofortress, B-1B Lancer and B-2 Spirit, are all in the U.S. Pacific Command region conducting the area's first integrated operational mission for all three bombers.
0 8/11
2016
A B-52 Stratofortress, B-1 Lancer and B-2 Spirit sit beside one another on the flightline at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam, Aug.10, 2016. This marks the first time in history that all three of Air Force Global Strike Command's strategic bomber aircraft are simultaneously conducting operations in the U.S. Pacific Command area of operations. The B-1 Lancer, which arrived at Andersen Aug. 6, will replace the B-52 in support of the U.S. Strategic Command Continuous Bomber Presence mission. The CBP bomber swap between the B-1 and B-52 is occurring throughout the month of August as the B-1s return to support this mission for the first time since April 2006. In addition to the CBP bomber swap, three B-2s arrived in theater to conduct a Bomber Assurance and Deterrence deployment. The CBP mission and BAAD deployments are part of a long-standing history of maintaining a consistent bomber presence in the Indo-Asia-Pacific in order to maintain regional stability, and provide assurance to our allies and partners in the region. (U.S. Air Force photo by Tech. Sgt. Richard Ebensberger) Making history: B-52, B-1, B-2s maintain regional stability in PACOM theater
For the first time in history, a B-52 Stratofortress, B-1 Lancer and B-2 Spirit are conducting operations in the U.S. Pacific Command region. The bombers located at Andersen Air Force Base in support of Continuous Bomber Presence and Bomber Assurance and Deterrence missions. The CBP mission and BAAD deployments are part of a long-standing history of maintaining a consistent bomber presence in the Indo-Asia-Pacific in order to maintain regional stability, and provide assurance to our allies and partners in the region.
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2016
A B-1B Lancer assigned to the 34th Expeditionary Bomb Squadron, deployed from Ellsworth Air Force Base, S.D., lands Aug. 6, 2016, at Andersen AFB, Guam. Incorporating the B-1 into Pacific Command operations, exercises the Air Force’s ability to integrate a unique capability with regional allies and partners in various parts of the world. (U.S. Air Force photo by Tech. Sgt. Richard P. Ebensberger) End of era: B-1s replace B-52s at Andersen AFB
Several B-1B Lancers with the 28th Bomb Wing from Ellsworth Air Force Base​, South Dakota, deployed
0 8/06
2016
A B-1 bomber soars through the sky during suppression of enemy air defenses training at Ellsworth Air Force Base, S.D., July 15, 2016. During SEAD missions, bombers are used offensively to destroy targets while EA-18G Growlers work as a supporting aircraft to deny, degrade or delay the enemies’ ability to acquire and engage friendly air forces and also give bombers access to those targeted areas. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Sadie Colbert/Released) Continuous Bomber Presence Airframe Changeover
The U.S. Air Force’s B-1B Lancers are scheduled to deploy to Andersen Air Force Base, Guam, 6 Aug.
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2016
Members of the 36th Expeditionary Aircraft Maintenance Squadron conduct a post-flight inspection on a B-52 Stratofortress after its arrival June 2, 2016, at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam. The aircraft is deployed in support of U.S. Pacific Command’s Continuous Bomber Presence operations. These aircraft and the men and women who fly and support them provide a significant capability that enables U.S. readiness and commitment to deterrence, provides assurances to allies, and strengthens regional security and stability in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Alexa Ann Henderson/Released)   Andersen receives B-52 Stratofortress
A B-52 Stratofortress from Minot Air Force Base, North Dakota, arrived June 2, at Andersen AFB,
0 6/02
2016
Members of the 36th Expeditionary Aircraft Maintenance Squadron conduct a post-flight inspection on a B-52 Stratofortress after its arrival June 2, 2016, at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam. The aircraft is deployed in support of U.S. Pacific Command’s Continuous Bomber Presence operations. These aircraft and the men and women who fly and support them provide a significant capability that enables U.S. readiness and commitment to deterrence, provides assurances to allies, and strengthens regional security and stability in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Alexa Ann Henderson/Released)   Andersen receives B-52 Stratofortress
A B-52 Stratofortress from Minot Air Force Base, North Dakota, arrived June 2, at Andersen AFB,
0 6/02
2016
The RAIDR 21 monument, located in Adelup, Guam, honors six B-52 Stratofortress aviators who lost their lives during a training mission and were slated to perform a flyover in support of Guam’s Liberation Day July 21, 2008. The monument received modifications from Alex Wood, a boy scout, who constructed a retaining wall around the monument, painted the surrounding area and cleaned the monument. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Benjamin Gonsier) Never forgotten: Team Andersen honors fallen comrades
A ceremony was held May 28, 2016, in Adelup, Guam, to honor the six B-52 Stratofortress aviators who
0 5/28
2016
A B-52 Stratofortress from the 69th Expeditionary Bomb Squadron, deployed from Minot Air Force Base, N.D., lands March 2, 2016, at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam. A new rotation of aircrews, maintenance personnel and aircraft assigned to the 69th EBS arrived on Guam to replace the 23rd EBS in support of the U.S. Pacific Command’s continuous bomber presence mission. (U.S. Air Force photo/Airman 1st Class Arielle Vasquez) 69th Expeditionary Bomb Squadron arrives at Andersen
U.S. Pacific Command's continuous bomber presence mission continues with the arrival of the 69th
0 3/03
2016
Airmen from the Japan Air Self Defense Force, Republic of Korea Air Force and Republic of Singapore Air Force participate in the command and control section of the final exercise of Partner Nation Silver Flag Feb. 19, 2016, at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam. The contingency environment training focused on bare-base beddown, sustainment operations and recovery after an attack. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Joshua Smoot/Released) First multilateral Partner Nation Silver Flag concludes at Andersen AFB
After spending more than a week sharing civil engineering techniques, 54 engineers from the U.S. Air Force, Royal Australian Air Force, Republic of Singapore Air Force, Republic of Korea Air Force and Japan Air Self-Defense Force concluded the Partner Nation Silver Flag exercise Feb. 19, 2016, at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam.
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2016
Jeffrey Meyer, 36th Wing historian, stands next to a collection of fighter plane models Jan. 8, 2016, at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam. As the historian, Meyer documents Andersen’s current history and oversees the museum.  (U.S. Air Force photo/Airman 1st Class Jacob Skovo) Volunteer spirit thrives at heritage hall museum
Tucked in the 734th Air Mobility Squadron passenger terminal is a collection of artifacts that show
0 1/19
2016
Aviators from the 23rd Expeditionary Bomb Squadron stand at parade rest as two B-52 Stratofortresses conduct a flyover during the Linebacker II Remembrance Ceremony Dec. 18, 2015, at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam. During Operation Linebacker II, more than 700 B-52 bombing campaigns were conducted out of Andersen. (U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. Benjamin Gonsier) Operation Linebacker II: The 11 days that ended 11 years of war
The day was Dec. 18, 1972, a day where the flightline roared ferociously as B-52 Stratofortresses
0 12/20
2015
Two U.S. Air Force B-52 Stratofortresses assigned to the 20th Expeditionary Bomb Squadron from Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana, taxi on the flightline Aug. 22, 2015, at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam. Bomber crews with the 20th EBS are part of U.S. Pacific Command’s continuous bomber presence and support ongoing operations in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Alexander W. Riedel/Released) 20th EBS supports CBP at Andersen

0 8/24
2015
Marines hand out water to the residents of Saipan Joint military response makes a difference in Saipan recovery
Over the last week, a joint military team including Soldiers, Sailors, Marines, Airmen and
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2015
Col. Casey Eaton, 515th Air Mobility Operations commander, cuts the ribbon during the opening of the new air freight terminal June 26, 2015, at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam.  The new facility offers more working and storage space to enhance capabilities for the Pacific theater. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Arielle Vasquez/Released) 734th AMS opens new air freight terminal
The 734th Air Mobility Squadron hosted a ribbon cutting ceremony to commemorate the grand opening of
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2015
Airmen from the 20th Expeditionary Bomb Squadron sign the ‘Last Blast’ June 24, 2015, at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam. With the help of 36th Munitions Squadron Airmen, 20th EBS aircrew dropped the final M117 bomb in the Pacific Air Force’s inventory June 26 on an uninhabited island off the coast of Guam. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Joshua Smoot/Released) Blast from the past: 20th EBS drops last M117 bomb in PACAF
Airmen from the 20th Expeditionary Bomb Squadron, with the help of 36th Munitions Squadron Airmen,
0 6/29
2015
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