Boneyard

Boneyard


"Bombers 'R' Us" 1999


8th Air Force 75th Anniversary

8th Air Force 75th Anniversary


The B-52 Stratofortress: End of an Era

The B-52 Stratofortress: End of an Era


Andersen Air Force Base history

 

In a tent on Pati Point in 1944, four men of the 854th Airfield Construction Battalion stood at a draftsman's table drawing lines on a blueprint that would become runways, taxiways and parking aprons for World War II B-29 operations. North Field's first runway became operational Feb. 3, 1945. The first combat mission from North Field took place Feb. 25.

After World War II, the Army Air Forces in the Pacific closed many airfields, leaving the 19th Bomb Group at North Field as the only bombardment unit of the Far East Air Forces.

In the fall of 1946, construction began for permanent structures. When the Air Force became a separate service in 1947, North Field became North Guam Air Force Base. The installation was renamed Andersen AFB on Oct. 7, 1949, in honor of Brig. Gen. James R. Andersen, who was presumed lost at sea in the crash of his B-24 Liberator, Feb. 26, 1945, on a flight from Kwajalein to Hawaii.

During the Korean War, Andersen served in an administrative and logistical capacity, operating ammunition dumps and providing maintenance to transient aircraft. Following the war, Andersen began supporting bomber and aerial refueling units on rotational deployments from the United States. During this time, Andersen was home to the B-36, B-47, B-50, B-52, B-29, KC-97 and KC-135.

Andersen's role in Vietnam is legendary, starting on June 18, 1965, when 27 B-52 bombers were launched from its runway. These flights began Operation Arc Light, bombing missions against Viet Cong base operations, troop concentrations and supply lines. In early 1972, 153 B-52s lined the airfield in a surge of Arc Light missions titled Bullet Shot. It took five miles of ramp space to park them and an expert to ensure their orderly movement since a blocked taxiway could prove a mission-crippling impasse.

Later that year Operation Linebacker II got underway when, on December 18, 1972, 87 B-52s were launched from Andersen in one hour and 43 minutes. Throughout the 11-day operation, Andersen-based B-52s flew 379 of the 729 sorties. Often called the "11-day war," Linebacker II led to the renewal of the Paris Peace Talks and, on January 28, 1973, the signing of a cease-fire agreement with the government of North Vietnam.

Two years after U.S. military involvement in the Vietnam War ended Andersen participated in Operation New Life, becoming home to thousands of Vietnamese refugees until officials could process them into the United States. In the end, 109,553 refugees departed Andersen for the United States aboard 518 aircraft.

The post-Vietnam period brought a return to routine operations at Andersen, with B-52s on the ramp throughout the 1980s and the base remaining a vital overseas platform for carrying out the USAF's mission of global deterrence.

In support of the Gulf War in 1991, Andersen aided in transporting and deploying 200 aircraft, 2,200 troops and 2,212 tons of cargo. In addition, Andersen munitions specialists shipped more than 75 million pounds of bombs to the Gulf.

During Operation Fiery Vigil in June 1991, more than 21,000 people and their pets evacuated from Clark Air Base in the Philippines, came through Andersen following the eruption of Mount Pinatubo.
The Air Force inactivated 633rd Air Base Wing Oct. 1, 1994, and activated the 36th Air Base Wing, in keeping with the Air Force chief of staff's policy of keeping the most highly decorated and longest serving Air Force units on active duty. The Air Force had inactivated the 36th Fighter Wing at Bitburg Air Base, Germany, Oct. 1, 1994.

In October 1994, the U.S. Navy Helicopter Combat Support Squadron Five relocated to Andersen from the now closed Naval Air Station, Guam.

Today, with its huge fuel and munitions storage facilities and dual runways, Andersen is an important forward-based logistics support center for contingency forces deploying throughout the southwest Pacific and Indian oceans. Andersen's ideal flying conditions, relatively unlimited airspace and nearby air-to-ground range make this an ideal training area for the U.S. military and militaries of nearby countries.

Printable Fact Sheet

 

 

News Comments Updated
A U.S. Air Force B-1B Lancer assigned to the 9th Expeditionary Bomb Squadron, deployed from Dyess Air Force Base, Texas, prepares to take off from Andersen Air Force Base, Guam, to fly a bilateral mission with two Japan Air Self-Defense Force F-15’s over the East China Sea, July 6, 2017. Bilateral training fosters increased interoperability between Japan and U.S. aircraft. Participating in bilateral training enables the operational units to improve their combined capabilities and tactical skills, while also building bilateral confidence and strong working relationships. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Richard P. Ebensberger) First for U.S., Japan air forces: nighttime training over East China Sea
U.S. Air Force and Japan Air Self-Defense Force units sharpened their combat skills during a bilateral mission over the East China Sea July 6.
0 7/06
2017
Jeffrey Meyer, 36th Wing Historian, speaks at the F-4E Phantom II Rededication Ceremony, April 21, 2017, at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam. The Phantom II was first deployed to the Pacific Air Forces in December 1964, in support of the Vietnam War. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Christopher Quail/Released) Team Andersen rededicates F-4E Phantom II aircraft

0 5/07
2017
Patricia Gay, 734th Air Mobility Squadron, embraces a friend during Lt Col. (Ret.) Chuck McManus’ funeral at the Guam Veterans Cemetery April 26, 2017, in Piti, Guam. McManus was a key figure at Andersen Air Force Base due to his involvement during the Linebacker II campaign during the Vietnam War. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Christopher Quail) Remembering Lt. Col Chuck McManus

0 5/07
2017
Rowland Ball served as a B-29 Superfortress navigator during the tail end of World War II. He flew 27 missions out of Guam and left soon after the war ended. After 71 years, the 91-year-old received the opportunity to come back to Andersen Air Force Base, known as Northfield in 1945, and share stories about his experiences on Guam. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Benjamin Gonsier) World War II veteran returns to Guam after seventy-one years
ANDERSEN AIR FORCE BASE, Guam – The year was 1945; during the tail end of World War II. The sound of
0 8/26
2016
A B-52 Stratofortress prepares to taxi on Andersen Air Force Base, Guam, Aug. 24, 2016. The B-52s have served non-stop rotations since 2006, which have been shared between the bomber squadrons from Minot AFB, N.D., and Barksdale AFB, La. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Benjamin Gonsier) B-1 bomber officially takes over CBP mission
The B-1B Lancer officially replaced the B-52 Stratofortress in support of U.S. Pacific Command’s Continuous Bomber Presence mission Aug. 15, during a Transfer of Authority ceremony.
0 8/25
2016
A U.S. Air Force B-52 Stratofortress, B-1 Lancer and B-2 Spirit fly over Guam after launching from Andersen Air Force Base, Guam, for an integrated bomber operation Aug.17, 2016. This mission marks the first time in history that all three of Air Force Global Strike Command's strategic bomber aircraft are simultaneously conducting integrated operations in the U.S. Pacific Command area of operations. As of Aug. 15, the B-1 Lancer will be temporarily deployed to Guam in support of U.S. Pacific Command's Continuous Bomber Presence mission. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Joshua Smoot) B-52, B-1, B-2s participate in first integrated bomber operation in USPACOM AOR
History was made Aug. 17, 2016 when all three of Air Force Global Strike Command's strategic power projection bombers, the B-52 Stratofortress, B-1B Lancer and B-2 Spirit, simultaneously took to the sky during their first integrated bomber operation in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region.
0 8/17
2016
A B-52 Stratofortress, B-1 Lancer and B-2 Spirit sit beside one another on the flightline at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam, Aug.10, 2016. This marks the first time in history that all three of Air Force Global Strike Command's strategic bomber aircraft are simultaneously conducting operations in the U.S. Pacific Command area of operations. The B-1 Lancer, which arrived at Andersen Aug. 6, will replace the B-52 in support of the U.S. Strategic Command Continuous Bomber Presence mission. The CBP bomber swap between the B-1 and B-52 is occurring throughout the month of August as the B-1s return to support this mission for the first time since April 2006. In addition to the CBP bomber swap, three B-2s arrived in theater to conduct a Bomber Assurance and Deterrence deployment. The CBP mission and BAAD deployments are part of a long-standing history of maintaining a consistent bomber presence in the Indo-Asia-Pacific in order to maintain regional stability, and provide assurance to our allies and partners in the region. (U.S. Air Force photo by Tech. Sgt. Richard Ebensberger) Making history: B-52, B-1, B-2s maintain regional stability in PACOM theater
For the first time in history, a B-52 Stratofortress, B-1 Lancer and B-2 Spirit are conducting operations in the U.S. Pacific Command region. The bombers located at Andersen Air Force Base in support of Continuous Bomber Presence and Bomber Assurance and Deterrence missions. The CBP mission and BAAD deployments are part of a long-standing history of maintaining a consistent bomber presence in the Indo-Asia-Pacific in order to maintain regional stability, and provide assurance to our allies and partners in the region.
0 8/10
2016
A B-1B Lancer assigned to the 34th Expeditionary Bomb Squadron, deployed from Ellsworth Air Force Base, S.D., lands Aug. 6, 2016, at Andersen AFB, Guam. Incorporating the B-1 into Pacific Command operations, exercises the Air Force’s ability to integrate a unique capability with regional allies and partners in various parts of the world. (U.S. Air Force photo by Tech. Sgt. Richard P. Ebensberger) End of era: B-1s replace B-52s at Andersen AFB
Several B-1B Lancers with the 28th Bomb Wing from Ellsworth Air Force Base​, South Dakota, deployed
0 8/06
2016
A B-1 bomber soars through the sky during suppression of enemy air defenses training at Ellsworth Air Force Base, S.D., July 15, 2016. During SEAD missions, bombers are used offensively to destroy targets while EA-18G Growlers work as a supporting aircraft to deny, degrade or delay the enemies’ ability to acquire and engage friendly air forces and also give bombers access to those targeted areas. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Sadie Colbert/Released) Continuous Bomber Presence Airframe Changeover
The U.S. Air Force’s B-1B Lancers are scheduled to deploy to Andersen Air Force Base, Guam, 6 Aug.
0 7/28
2016
Members of the 36th Expeditionary Aircraft Maintenance Squadron conduct a post-flight inspection on a B-52 Stratofortress after its arrival June 2, 2016, at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam. The aircraft is deployed in support of U.S. Pacific Command’s Continuous Bomber Presence operations. These aircraft and the men and women who fly and support them provide a significant capability that enables U.S. readiness and commitment to deterrence, provides assurances to allies, and strengthens regional security and stability in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Alexa Ann Henderson/Released)   Andersen receives B-52 Stratofortress
A B-52 Stratofortress from Minot Air Force Base, North Dakota, arrived June 2, at Andersen AFB,
0 6/02
2016
The RAIDR 21 monument, located in Adelup, Guam, honors six B-52 Stratofortress aviators who lost their lives during a training mission and were slated to perform a flyover in support of Guam’s Liberation Day July 21, 2008. The monument received modifications from Alex Wood, a boy scout, who constructed a retaining wall around the monument, painted the surrounding area and cleaned the monument. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Benjamin Gonsier) Never forgotten: Team Andersen honors fallen comrades
A ceremony was held May 28, 2016, in Adelup, Guam, to honor the six B-52 Stratofortress aviators who
0 5/28
2016
A B-52 Stratofortress from the 69th Expeditionary Bomb Squadron, deployed from Minot Air Force Base, N.D., lands March 2, 2016, at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam. A new rotation of aircrews, maintenance personnel and aircraft assigned to the 69th EBS arrived on Guam to replace the 23rd EBS in support of the U.S. Pacific Command’s continuous bomber presence mission. (U.S. Air Force photo/Airman 1st Class Arielle Vasquez) 69th Expeditionary Bomb Squadron arrives at Andersen
U.S. Pacific Command's continuous bomber presence mission continues with the arrival of the 69th
0 3/03
2016
Airmen from the Japan Air Self Defense Force, Republic of Korea Air Force and Republic of Singapore Air Force participate in the command and control section of the final exercise of Partner Nation Silver Flag Feb. 19, 2016, at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam. The contingency environment training focused on bare-base beddown, sustainment operations and recovery after an attack. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Joshua Smoot/Released) First multilateral Partner Nation Silver Flag concludes at Andersen AFB
After spending more than a week sharing civil engineering techniques, 54 engineers from the U.S. Air Force, Royal Australian Air Force, Republic of Singapore Air Force, Republic of Korea Air Force and Japan Air Self-Defense Force concluded the Partner Nation Silver Flag exercise Feb. 19, 2016, at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam.
0 2/24
2016
ANDERSEN AIR FORCE BASE, Guam - Brigadier Gen. Phil Ruhlman speaks to Air Force Civilians here Nov. 21 during a Town Hall Meeting about joint basing and the future for these soon to be Navy employees. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Nichelle Griffiths) Team Andersen to transfer installation management functions to the Navy
As a result of Base Realignment and Closure Commission legislation in 2005, the Air Force will
0 11/30
2008
ANDERSEN AIR FORCE BASE, Guam -- The first of six B-52 Stratofortresses taxis to its parking spot here after landing Feb. 22.  The B-52s and about 300 people from Minot Air Force Base, N.D., are deploying here to support U.S. Pacific Command's request for a rotational bomber force on Guam.  (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Bennie J. Davis III) Bombers arrive at Andersen
The first three B-52 Stratofortress bombers from Minot Air Force Base, N.D., arrived here Feb. 22
0 2/23
2004
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